Created in 1878 by John Hailey, the Royal Coachman may be the most iconic of original American fly patterns. Typically a general attractor pattern, it is thought the silhouette may resemble certain mayflies or if tied small enough, even ants. I’ve never considered the Royal Coachman anything but a searching pattern but it has proven effective on American streams and rivers for over 140 years.
Hook: #10-16 dry fly
Tail: Golden pheasant tippets
Body: Peacock herl with red floss band
Hackle: Brown rooster
Wing: White duck slips